Vote for BP.Net for the 2013 Forum of the Year! Click here for more info.

» Site Navigation

» Home
 > FAQ

» Online Users: 832

12 members and 820 guests
Most users ever online was 6,337, 01-24-2020 at 04:30 AM.


» Today's Birthdays

gsxr750emt (36)

» Stats

Members: 66,876
Threads: 241,594
Posts: 2,508,447
Top Poster: JLC (31,651)
Welcome to our newest member, Mfah
Results 1 to 4 of 4
  1. #1
    BPnet Veteran Ax01's Avatar
    Join Date
    06-14-2015
    Location
    Emerald City
    Posts
    6,181
    Thanks
    2,581
    Thanked 6,140 Times in 3,377 Posts

    2 Venom, 1 Snake

    hmmm... i previously thought that this was not a hot species but i thought wrong. i guess i was wrong twice b/c scientists have have found that Pseustes sulphureus (the Amazon Puffing Snake) isn't just venomous, but it has 2 kinds of venom! 1 for each prey type. it has a deadly sulmotoxin for mammal preys, but this venom apparently is not harmful to birds and lizards. P. sulphureus has a sulditoxin for it's birds and lizards prey. and get this - Lol the second venom is not harmful towards mammals!

    full study here: http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.o.../1884/20181003

    article here: https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/th...nom/ar-BBLngZQ (very annoying it has a Ahaetulla nasuta isntead of the proper animal pictured)

    This Snake Has Opposite Toxins in One Venom

    The Amazon puffing snake has been hiding a secret weapon—one that can attack multiple prey.

    In a new study from University of Northern Colorado and National University of Singapore scientists, this snake's venom was found to have a unique property. Published on August 1, the research indicates that the snake’s venom has likely evolved so the snake can continue to survive.

    The Amazon puffing snake, or Spilotes sulphuereus, can grow to be around 8.9 feet long. Despite its length, the snakes are not strong constrictors, so they rely on their venom to be able to kill their prey. These snakes live hidden in the trees in South America, have large eyes and their venom flows quickly out of their fangs.

    Stephen Mackessy, a professor at the University of Northern Colorado, and his team, which includes his PhD student Cassandra Modahl, captured three of these snakes. They then extracted the 6-foot-long snakes' venom and analyzed it to see which toxins were present.

    “It was quite a surprise because it’s something we haven’t seen before,” Mackessy told Newsweek of their finding.

    The team found the toxin sulmotoxin 1 in the venom, which is deadly to mammals but doesn’t harm birds or lizards. They also found the opposite: sulditoxin. Sulditoxin is lethal to birds and lizards, but not to mammals. The team discovered that even when the dose of sulditoxin is 22 times higher than what an Amazon puffing snake delivers in its bite, sulditoxin still won’t kill a mammal.

    The snakes typically eat birds and lizards but will occasionally eat rodents as well. Mackessy says that the snake likely used to only eat birds and lizards and only added rodents to their diet later on. This could have caused the animals to evolve to have this second, mammal-killing toxin to be able to incorporate the more calorie-heavy mammals into their diet.

    “You get more bang for your buck with mammals than you do with lizards,” Mackessy explained. This can also help the snakes to diversify and be able to kill any invertebrate animals they encounter, such as a predator. Since the mammals came into their diet later, that could explain why the snake developed two separate toxins instead of just one that can kill birds, lizards and mammals.

    Mackessy thinks studying these venoms can mean a lot for humans as well. “Looking at animal venoms and understanding the mechanisms of how some of these toxins work actually provides us insights into how our own systems work, and also are a possible source of new therapeutic drugs,” he said.
    ^ Look! My new avatar!!

    Wicked ones now on IG & FB!6292

    Seaside Serpents & Exotics (SSEx) clutch one, two and three.

  2. The Following 5 Users Say Thank You to Ax01 For This Useful Post:

    Avsha531 (08-02-2018),Bogertophis (08-02-2018),jmcrook (08-02-2018),richardhind1972 (08-02-2018),tttaylorrr (08-02-2018)

  3. #2
    BPnet Senior Member tttaylorrr's Avatar
    Join Date
    11-10-2014
    Location
    Chicago, Illinois USA
    Posts
    5,704
    Thanks
    4,501
    Thanked 5,423 Times in 2,889 Posts
    Images: 22
    super cool article and discovery! i thought they were only mildly venomous, like a hognose.

    thanks for sharing!!!
    4.4 ball python
    1.0 Albino 0.1 Coral Glow 0.1 Super Cinnamon paradox 1.0 Piebald 0.1 Pastel Enchi Leopard het Piebald 1.0 Coral Glow het Piebald

    1.0 corn snake
    1.0 Hypo

    1.0 crested gecko
    0.1 ????

    0.1 cat
    0.1 Maine Coon mix

    0.1 human ✌︎

  4. #3
    Registered User Avsha531's Avatar
    Join Date
    03-22-2018
    Location
    North Jersey
    Posts
    680
    Thanks
    703
    Thanked 566 Times in 291 Posts

    Re: 2 Venom, 1 Snake

    Wow really cool!
    1.0 Kenyan Sand Boa - Sir Hiss🎩🐍
    0.1 Pastel Ball Python - Exzahrah
    0.1 Brazilian Rainbow Boa - Nymeria
    0.1 Suriname Red Tail BCC- Sascha
    0.1 WT Ball Python- Ariana
    1.0 Bumblebee Ball Python- Fabio

    WISHLIST:
    Dumerils Boa
    Candino BP
    Granite IJ Carpet Python
    White Lipped Python
    Komodo Dragon


    "​Normal is just a setting on the washing machine..."

  5. #4
    Registered User Bogertophis's Avatar
    Join Date
    04-28-2018
    Location
    USA
    Posts
    10,557
    Thanks
    14,552
    Thanked 8,464 Times in 5,409 Posts
    Talk about a great survival adaptation! "Something for everybody" Awesome, thanks for sharing!

    Our U.S. rattlesnakes have venom with varying percentages of neurotoxic & hematoxic components, but the actions are not as specific for prey types.
    (perhaps it's a "work in progress" though?)

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  
Powered by vBadvanced CMPS v4.2.1